UK Mismatched Workforce - CIPD Report

UK Mismatched Workforce - CIPD Report

New CIPD research highlights the need to improve people management and development opportunities to boost engagement and productivity 

Almost half (49%) of UK workers are in jobs they are either under- or over-skilled for, according to new research from the CIPD, the professional body for HR and people development.
The CIPD’s report ‘Over-skilled and underused: Investigating the untapped potential of UK skills’ surveyed 3,700 UK employees. It found that more than a third (37%) of workers have the skills to cope with more demanding duties than they currently have. At the opposite end of the scale, one in ten (12%) employees said they lacked all the skills needed to carry out their job effectively. This means that as many as half (49%) of UK workers could be in the wrong job, based on their skill level.
The UK has one of most skilled workforces in the world, with 42% of workers qualified to degree level, yet it also has the highest proportion of jobs within the OECD which require no qualifications at all. The CIPD’s survey reveals that many graduates are in jobs which do not require degree level qualifications. Almost a third (30%) of respondents said that while a higher level degree would be required in order to get their job, lower qualifications are actually needed to do their job effectively. This suggests that many employers are still using degrees as a way of filtering applications. 
However, the report also shows that having a university degree is no guarantee of being prepared for the workplace. More employees with a university degree said they were under-skilled for their role (14%) compared to those without one (10%). This highlights the importance of ongoing training and development in the workplace. Despite this, a quarter (24%) of respondents said they had not received training in the last year, with older employees, low wage workers, those on part-time contracts and the self-employed most likely to say this.
The CIPD’s survey also found that being over-skilled can have a number of negative consequences on employees. Just 53% of over-skilled workers said they are satisfied with their jobs compared to 74% of people whose skills are well-suited to their role. Furthermore, in the long run, being over-skilled can hurt people’s chances of climbing up the career ladder. Just 22% of workers who say they are over-skilled have been promoted to a higher position in their current organisation compared with almost a third (31%) of workers in well-matched roles. Furthermore, more than a quarter of over-skilled workers earn less than £20,000 a year compared with just 15% of those whose say their skills are well matched to their jobs.
In response to these challenges, the CIPD is calling for organisations to improve how they manage and develop their people and for Government to work in partnership with employers, unions, and local areas to provide bespoke, practical support to enable smaller firms in particular to improve their people management practices.
Lizzie Crowley, Skills Adviser at the CIPD, comments: “How skills are used, or not used, in the workplace has important economic and social implications, and is a key factor in tackling the UK’s productivity crisis. 

“Individuals who report using their skills fully in the workplace have higher levels of job satisfaction, earn more and are more resilient to change, while businesses benefit from a more productive workforce and increased profitability. However, we have ended up in a situation where our economy isn’t creating nearly enough high-skilled jobs, while the proportion of low-skilled roles remains stubbornly high. This leaves many workers trapped in low skill work, which doesn’t match their ability, offers poorer pay and progression prospects and does little to boost the productivity of organisations.

“There needs to be a much greater emphasis on how well existing skills and capabilities of individuals are harnessed and developed at work, through better people management practices and access to development opportunities. For too long, skills policy in the UK has been fixated on increasing the supply of skills coming into the labour market. This has failed as an approach. To address stagnant productivity and stimulate the economy, the industrial strategy must prioritise better use of existing skills, built on the foundation of better quality jobs and business models that deliver high value goods and service. Without real and impactful change to the UK’s skills strategy, the UK’s productivity puzzle will prove impossible to solve.” 
To address the skills mismatch, recommendations from the CIPD's report include:

The Chancellor should use the Budget later this month to boost investment in skills development through the National Productivity Investment Fund (NIPF) 
High quality careers advice and guidance should be offered in schools, and more high quality vocational routes into work should be created
Employers should invest in formal training for all line managers to ensure that they have the skills they need to support employee development 
Government must work in partnership with employers, unions, sector bodies, Local Enterprise Partnerships and local authorities at a national, sector and local level to provide practical support that encourages small employers in particular to improve their people management practices

A mature HR professional with over thirty years experience within the HR function both from a strategic and operational perspective, with over 18 years in senior management roles including those at…

Business Management

Working from Home - What Employers Need to Know

Who this article is for: Any employer with home working employees. How long this will take to read: 5 minutes (a medium…
Retail & Services

Wonderful price, wonderful service

SIM card deal via me. Just contact me if you're interested. 1. Unlimited minutes. 2. Unlimited texts. 3. Unlimited…
Business Management

What is a Business Health Check?

“Organisational health is the single greatest competitive advantage in any business.” Patrick Lencioni It is easy to…

More Articles

Retail & Services

How many countries use the POUND as currency?

Hello.  I hope this quiz question gets you thinking.  Anyone messages me with the correct answer before midnight this…
Business Management

Sitting comfortably while working from home

When you are working at home it is vital to make sure that you are sitting comfortably. Sitting on the wrong chair may…
Training and Development

8 Top Tips for increasing your engagement on LinkedIN

8Top Tips for increasing your engagement on your LinkedIn  Tip 1 Write-text only posts Write enough in your LinkedIn…

Would you like to promote an article ?

Post articles and opinions on Manchester Professionals to attract new clients and referrals. Feature in newsletters.
Join for free today and upload your articles for new contacts to read and enquire further.

Find the right professionals in Manchester

View The Full Index

Search By:

Submit your Enquiry here

Enquiry Details

Contact Details